Dermatomycoses in skin, hair and nails (diagnostics)

Current Care Summary
Working group appointed by the Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, the Finnish Dermatological Society and the Clinical Microbiologists Society

Current Care Guideline «Sieni-infektiot ihossa, hiuksissa ja kynsissä (diagnostiikka)»1 and Summary «Sieni-infektiot ihossa, hiuksissa ja kynsissä (diagnostiikka)»2 in Finnish

Superficial fungal infections are common problems in clinical practice. They may be seen in any skin sites although feet, toe nails, groins and scalp are most commonly affected. Dermatophytes (Trichophyton rubrum etc) are causing most of them. Candida albicans can cause skin but not nail infections in predisposed patients. Because non-infectious manifestations may be alike, the accurate diagnosis must be based both on clinical examinations and on direct microscopy and fungal culture of correct samples. This guideline summarises Finnish epidemiological findings and gives practical advices demonstrated with several pictures for clinical and microbiological diagnostics.

Pekka Kirstilä (Chair)

Hannele Heikkilä

Markku Koskela

Pirkko Koukila-Kähkölä

Raimo Suhonen

Elina Heikkilä