Sleep apnea syndrome

Current Care Summary
Working group appointed by the Finnish Medical Society Duodecim and the Finnish Respiratory Society

Current Care Guideline «Uniapnea (obstruktiivinen uniapnea aikuisilla)»1 and Summary «Uniapnea (obstruktiivinen uniapnea aikuisilla)»2 in Finnish

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized with upper airway collapsibility during sleep resulting in repetitive cessation or significant decrease in inspiratory airflow in the presence of respiratory effort, and accompanied with excessive daytime sleepiness. Diagnosis of OSAS is based on patient history, clinical examination and sleep recording. Untreated OSAS increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, traffic accidents, lost work days and mortality. In obese patients, weight loss forms the basis of treatment. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the treatment of choice in moderate/severe OSAS. In selected cases, oral appliances, positional therapy or surgical treatment are of benefit.

Tarja Saaresranta (Chair)

Ulla Anttalainen

Sari-Leena Himanen

Päivi Korhonen

Hanna-Riikka Kreivi

Jukka Lojander

Riitta Pahkala

Markku Partinen

Olli Polo

Juha Seppä

Arja Tuunainen