Most benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients can be diagnosed and treated in primary care. Evaluation requires a history, a symptom score (DAN-PSS or IPSS) and a careful physical examination including a digital rectal examination. Careful follow-up and medical therapy are the usual first-line management options in uncomplicated BPH. Combination therapy with both alpha-blocker and 5alpha-reductase inhibitor is the most effective medical treatment modality. Transurethral resection (TURP) is a safe and effective way of treating BPH. The green laser is an endoscopic treatment option for TURP or open resection.