All respiratory viruses are capable of causing lower respiratory tract infections. Active testing of influenza viruses during influenza epidemics is recommended. Antitussive medications are ineffective and should not be used. Croup presenting with inspiratory stridor is recommended to be treated with oral corticosteroids and inhaled racemic adrenalin. Corticosteroids and inhaled racemic adrenalin are ineffective for the treatment of bronchiolitis. Inhaled salbutamol administered by a spacer (with a mask) is recommended for wheezy bronchitis. Amoxicillin is recommended for treating pneumonia at home and intravenous penicillin in hospital (combined with macrolide if mycoplasma is suspected). Pertussis is treated with azithromycin or clarithromycin.
Matti Korppi (Chair)
Tuula Meinander (Current Care Editor)