Takaisin Tulosta

Oral contraceptives and cervical cancer

Lisätietoa aiheesta
Pekka Nieminen

IUDs and cervical cancer

  • There is not enough evidence on the subject.


  1. Moreno V, Bosch FX, Muñoz N et al.Effect of oral contraceptives on risk of cervical cancer in women with human papillomavirus infection: the IARC multicentric case-control study. Lancet 2002;359:1085-92 «PMID: 11943255»PubMed
  2. Marks M, Gravitt PE, Gupta SB et al.Combined oral contraceptive use increases HPV persistence but not new HPV detection in a cohort of women from Thailand. J Infect Dis 2011;204:1505-13 «PMID: 21964399»PubMed
  3. Nielsen A, Kjaer SK, Munk C et al.Persistence of high-risk human papillomavirus infection in a population-based cohort of Danish women. J Med Virol 2010;82:616-23 «PMID: 20166190»PubMed
  4. Molano M, Van den Brule A, Plummer M et al.Determinants of clearance of human papillomavirus infections in Colombian women with normal cytology: a population-based, 5-year follow-up study. Am J Epidemiol 2003;158:486-94 «PMID: 12936904»PubMed
  5. Moscicki AB, Ma Y, Farhat S et al.Redetection of cervical human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) in women with a history of HPV16. J Infect Dis 2013;208:403-12 «PMID: 23599313»PubMed