Gestational diabetes screening using a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test should be offered to all pregnant women, except those who are at low risk. 10–15% of gestational diabetes is caused by LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults) or MODY (Maturity Onset Diabetes in the Young), in which mothers generally sustain a normal body weight.
The diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes are venous plasma glucose levels ≥ 5,3 mmol/l (fasting), ≥ 10,0 mmol/l (1 h) and ≥ 8,6 mmol/l (2 h). Achieving a normal body weight is crucially important to mothers after delivery.
Risto Kaaja (Chair)